Type 1 diabetes is also called juvenile diabetes, as it's usually diagnosed during childhood. Patients who suffer from Type 1 diabetes have bodies that don't make insulin, and the lack of insulin must be compensated for with insulin replacement. This typically comes in the form of insulin injections on a daily basis. Type 1 diabetes isn't preventable, but it is very manageable.
Type 2 diabetes is also called adult onset diabetes because it's typically diagnosed during adulthood. Patients who suffer from Type 2 diabetes produce insulin, but they're unable to process the insulin correctly, which leads to a condition called insulin resistance.
Type 2 diabetes can be managed in several ways, and insulin supplementation may not even be needed. The main thing that makes Type 2 diabetes different from Type 1 is that Type 2 diabetes is usually preventable. Type 2 diabetes is, by far, the most common kind of diabetes.
Some common signs of diabetes include:
With Type 1 diabetes, warning signs can occur very suddenly and may be severe. With Type 2 diabetes, it's also more common to experience no symptoms early on. As Type 2 diabetes progresses untreated, the indicators will become more obvious. Regular physical exams can allow for early diagnosis and treatment, so patients with diabetes risk factors should be especially mindful of the need for check-ups.
Risk factors for Type 2 diabetes include:
Diabetes treatment depends on the patient. Most Type 1 diabetes patients have self-administered daily insulin injections or use an insulin pump. By contrast, Type 2 diabetics may be able to control their disease with positive lifestyle changes. If those changes aren't enough, oral medication is often prescribed. Controlling diabetes requires a commitment from you as a patient, but the health benefits are well worth it.
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